Recent Changes

Friday, May 26

  1. page Dwarf Crocodile edited ... Potential Messaging Acquisition Information Anyone thinking about more crocodilian species …
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    Potential Messaging
    Acquisition Information
    Anyone thinking about more crocodilian species in programs is encouraged to contact Dr. Kent Vilet, (kvilet@ufl.edu) who is the Chair of the Crocodilian Taxon Advisory Group. He is a wealth of knowledge on in situ and ex situ issues surrounding crocodilian management and conservation.
    Natural History Information
    Range and Habitat
    (view changes)
  2. page Dwarf Crocodile edited ... Husbandry Information Housing Requirements We house them in a large round, with a magnetic …
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    Husbandry Information
    Housing Requirements
    We house them in a large round, with a magnetic drive circulating pump, with a sump,and activated carbon.
    They are cleaned and siphoned everyday, though being so small they are pretty clean.
    (Adventure Aquarium)

    Diet Requirements
    In the wild, dwarf crocodiles eat fish, amphibians, crustaceans, and possibly other terrestrial prey.
    In captivity, they are fed mice.
    We have target and station trained our 0.2 4 yr olds to allow us to feed them easier. We use small tongs to feed them. We also use a small cow bell to indicate the beginning of feeding session. They are fed 3x per week about 11gms ea. We use a variety of fish, pork pieces, and mice. (Adventure Aquarium)
    Veterinary Concerns
    Notes on Enrichment & Training
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    Tips on Presentation
    Tips on Handling
    We have 0.2, 4yr old dwarf crocs. We acquired them when they were under a year old and started handling them right away. We find it is really important to keep handling them as they get older to keep them calm. (Adventure Aquarium)
    Potential Messaging
    Acquisition Information
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    This species is listed on CITES Appendix I and is Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List. The estimated wild population is 25,000 to 100,000. Most reports indicate that the species is in no immediate danger throughout most of its range because it is so widely distributed, and some populations have high numbers. Other areas (particularly Gambia and Liberia) have severely depleted populations that are in danger of local extirpation.
    The main problem with this species is a lack of reliable and widespread survey data. Without such information, the overall status of the species cannot be determined, and thus the CITES Appendix I classification will remain, despite anecdotal evidence of a thriving population. The Crocodile Specialist Group lists the species as Low Risk because of its distribution and healthy population sizes in some areas, but the IUCN Red List (last updated in 1996) gives a category of Vulnerable to reflect the uncertainty of its status in the wild. Lack of survey data is due to the difficulty in accessing available habitat. The implementation of national parks has been slow in western Africa, and the skin of Osteolaemus has little value – and therefore the incentives for management and thus monitoring are low.
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    future of OsteolaemusOsteolaemus where it
    Did you know…
    Osteolaemus means “bony throat,” derived from osteon (Greek for “bone”) and laimos (Greek for “throat.”) Tetraspis means “four shields,” derived from tetra (Greek for “four”) and aspis (Greek for “shield”), referring to the cluster of four body plates (nuchal scales) on the back of the neck.
    (view changes)

Sunday, May 7

  1. page African Pygmy Hedgehog edited ... Cell Phones - Reduce, Reuse, Recycle: The Congo region and the island of Madagascar are extens…
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    Cell Phones - Reduce, Reuse, Recycle: The Congo region and the island of Madagascar are extensively mined for coltan and other minerals that go into cell phones, tablets, and computers. Natural habitat, frequently in areas that are legally protected, is lost for wildlife, trees and topsoil scraped away. In addition, toxins from discarded electronics leach out of local landfills and contaminate waterways here at home. Please ask guests to think twice before replacing their electronic devices and to recycle their old ones when they do. http://www.houstonzoo.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Why-should-I-recycle-my-cell-phone.pdf
    Acquisition Information
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    AZA institutions. When possible, Philadelphia Zoo breeds hedgehogs. However, females age out of reproductive capacity quickly therefore the supply is volitile. Como Park
    The most reliable source currently are private sector breeders.
    The wild type coloration animals tend to be healthier as new color phases require significant inbreeding to be created, which also increases health issues from inbreeding depression.
    (view changes)
    7:07 am

Wednesday, April 19

  1. page Domestic Rat edited ... Programmatic Information Tips on Presentation Zoo Atlanta: We train our rats to enter a ken…
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    Programmatic Information
    Tips on Presentation
    Zoo Atlanta: We train our rats to enter a kennel from their enclosure and then remove from the kennel for programs. We allow them to move freely on our hands/arms during programs and then hold them in a seated position with tail tucked under the body to present them for touching. We always take at least two rats on program together (even though we might only present one) and have two at home so no one is never alone. If we have a group of 3, then the whole group goes together. We have found that the most common time handlers get bit is when they are trying to search for rats in their home enclosure as often the rats are hiding and handlers accidently stick fingers into faces.
    Tips on Handling
    Being an animal that is easily trained, rats are extremely easy to handle on programs. Some people many handle 1 at a time, while others may handle up to 4.
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    Seneca Park Zoo: Short life span
    Woodland Park Zoo: Easy to train. Short life span.
    Roger Williams Zoo: get them as young as possible (weanlings) and be sure they've been handled a lot.
    Natural History Information
    Range and Habitat
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    Contributors and Citations
    The Philadelphia Zoo
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    Louis Zoo
    (view changes)

Tuesday, April 11

  1. page Ornate Horned Frog edited ... Husbandry Information Housing Requirements ... 10 gallons. As As a toothed, ... be…
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    Husbandry Information
    Housing Requirements
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    10 gallons.
    As

    As
    a toothed,
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    be housed independently.independently- they will eat anything that moves.
    Diet Requirements
    In the wild, ornate horned frogs eat insects, small birds, lizards, mammals, and other frogs - basically, anything that can fit inside its mouth is fair game.
    In captivity, they are fed pinky mice.
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    feeds: 5-6 gut-loaded crickets, 3x/week
    Veterinary Concerns
    Horned Frogs shed their skin at regular intervals as they grow. The old skin is pushed off with the hind legs and the skin peels off from the back end. The skin should come off in one piece and is normally eaten by the frog. The skin is pushed forwards using its legs towards the mouth.
    Due to their permeable skin, do not use disinfectants or cleaners that may be toxic or are known to be toxic to other animals.

    Notes on Enrichment & Training
    This species loves to burrow into the soil, as they're typically ambush predators. Providing ample substrate for them to burrow in is ideal.
    (view changes)
    11:10 am
  2. page Ornate Horned Frog edited Ceratophrys ornata Order: Anura AnuraOther names: Argentine wide-mouthed frog, ornate pacman f…

    Ceratophrys ornata
    Order: AnuraAnuraOther names: Argentine wide-mouthed frog, ornate pacman frog
    Husbandry Information
    Housing Requirements
    Housed on moist coco fiber substrate deep enough to allow for burrowing. This species likes to nestle down into the soil. Tank size should be a minimum of 10 gallons.
    As a toothed, carnivorous species, these frogs should be housed independently.

    Diet Requirements
    In the wild, ornate horned frogs eat insects, small birds, lizards, mammals, and other frogs - basically, anything that can fit inside its mouth is fair game.
    In captivity, they are fed pinky mice.
    Brandywine Zoo feeds: 5-6 crickets, 3x/week
    Veterinary Concerns
    Notes on Enrichment & Training
    This species loves to burrow into the soil, as they're typically ambush predators. Providing ample substrate for them to burrow in is ideal.
    Programmatic Information
    Tips on Presentation
    These frogs are easily presented in a clear acrylic carrier lined with coco fiber substrate. They do not have a tendency to hop or jump if the lid is opened for a short period of time to look in. They will nestle into the substrate.
    Brandywine Zoo packs these frogs with fake plants to provide the opportunity to hide, too.
    Keep a mister bottle present that is filled with RO or aged water in case rewetting is necessary.

    Tips on Handling
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    vinyl or latexneoprene gloves rinsed thoroughly with aged or RO water to prevent chemicals found the the powder used in latex gloves from getting absorbed through the frogs skin.(never latex).
    Philadelphia Zoo staff have found that some frogs get very stressed with handling and will present most frogs in a display tank rather than taking them in hand for program use. Handling also increases the chances that an animal will injury itself fleeing.
    Potential Messaging
    Horned Frogs are sometimes called the Pac Man frog in reference to the computer game character. This is because the Horned Frog sometimes appears to be all mouth and has a very large appetite like the Pac Man character who tries to eat every ‘pac-dot’ on the board.
    Acquisition Information
    Comments from the Rating System
    John Ball Zoo: Non-touchable; stays in a clear container
    Henry Vilas Zoo: Pretty; flight risk, so presented only in a container; use to teach about ambush predators, amphibian attributes, and the global amphibian crisis
    Brandywine Zoo: presented in carrier. They are much more calm in this style presentation compared to something active like a cane toad, which tend to hop into the sides of the enclosure.
    Natural History Information
    Range and Habitat
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    Physical Description
    Fat in appearance, ornate horned frogs have small and rather inconspicuous horns above the eyes, and a very wide mouth. Coloration is bright green with reddish-brown oval spots paired over much of the back, and a yellowish underbelly. Ornate horned frogs look very much like toads, with their short legs and bumpy skin, but they are still frogs because they have teeth.
    They can grow to be 4-6 inches in diameter.
    Dimorphism traits:difficult to ID prior to mature size. Females tend to be larger than males, and males possess dark pigmented throats and nuptial pads on the forelimbs.

    Life Cycle
    In the wild, ornate horned frogs will mate all year round. In captivity, this species only mates with supplementary hormones. Up to 500 eggs are laid per clutch, but they are spread out into several different clumps.
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    When a frog swallows, the eyes close and sink into the roof of the mouth. This action propels food into the gullet.
    Photographs
    {pacman (2).jpg}
    Contributors and Citations
    The Philadelphia Zoo
    The Brandywine Zoo
    (view changes)
    10:49 am
  3. file pacman (2).jpg uploaded
    10:45 am

Saturday, February 25

  1. page Striped Skunk edited ... Housing Requirements It is important to have some sort of dig box and hide box. Many skunks c…
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    Housing Requirements
    It is important to have some sort of dig box and hide box. Many skunks can be litter box trained.
    Cincinnati Zoo: keeps their skunks outside year-round. They have a heated water bowl and heat shield for the winter, and misters, frozen granite blocks and fans in the summer. They’re housed on concrete and their nest boxes contain cardboard chips, shredded paper, newspaper or blankets, depending on the skunk and the season.
    Diet Requirements
    In the wild, striped skunks eat insects, grubs, small vertebrates (mice, frogs, etc.), eggs, carrion, and berries.
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    Their nails can get really long, need to be trained for nail trims
    Obesity. They are pron to get fat very easily. A lump at the base of the tail indicates that they are too fat, if you can feel vertebrate then the animal is too thin. You want to feel a smooth taper at the base of their tail.
    Cincinnati Zoo: Our rabies policy states that if a handler is bitten (and blood is drawn) by a skunk, the handler must seek medical attention from a doctor. The animal is then placed on a 14-day quarantine and is checked daily by Zoo Hospital staff.
    Notes on Enrichment & Training
    Very food motivated, will dig into anything to get diet out, such as paper towel tubes, paper bags, boxes
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    Programmatic Information
    Tips on Presentation
    Cincinnati Zoo: Holds our interpretive skunks while sitting down and allows visitors to touch their backs, provided they are showing no signs of stress. During school programs they are allowed to run around inside a "puppy pen". We require all handlers to bring some sort of hide or shelter for the skunks to retreat to during the program.
    Cincinnati Zoo: Also has trained skunks to run "A to B's" and walk on hind legs across stage for presentations. They are leash and harness trained, which allows visitors to see them moving and digging.

    Tips on Handling
    Hand-reared are the best. Try to handle them as early as you can and often.
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    Train them to wear a harness early on. PDZA has found a cat harness works well - Pet Safe Come with me Kitty harness works really well as it has a cinch-able neck has it clips on either side of the belt.
    use tongs to directly deliver food items during training rather then by hand.
    Cincinnati Zoo: We breed our interpretive skunks and allow them to be parent reared, though we go in once a week to handle the kits for the first several weeks, then handle them more frequently as they become more independent of their mother.
    Cincinnati Zoo: We allow our skunks to enter their crates on their own and they can always choose not to go on a program. When on a program we open the top of the crate and pick them up from there.

    Potential Messaging
    Binghamton Zoo has discovered that their audiences love striped skunks, as most haven't seen them up close. This is a non-touchable species, however, since it is a rabies vector.
    (view changes)
    12:20 pm

Saturday, February 18

  1. page Nine-banded Armadillo edited ... Armadillos can also swim so placing them in a tub and pouring water on them is a great way to …
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    Armadillos can also swim so placing them in a tub and pouring water on them is a great way to show a class how they bath
    Armadillo educational materials, including coloring pages and mazes that nicely accompany armadillo encounters, are available from the Pantanal Giant Armadillo Project at http://giantarmadillo.org.br/en/material-to-downloads/
    Temperature Guidelines
    San Francisco Zoo: housed indoors year-round. He can go outside for encounters and exercise if the temperature is over 60 degrees.
    Rhode Island Zoological Society
    65˚ F min to 90˚ F max in program spaceTransport container must be kept 70˚ F to 85˚ F.
    If temperatures are above 32˚F, the armadillo may be transported on grounds in a covered carrier. Use fleece cover under 70˚F, down cover under 50˚F.
    If the temperature is below 32˚F, the armadillo may be transported in a heated vehicle only.

    Tips on Handling
    Wild caught animals may be challenging to acclimate to handling, better success has been acheived with animals handled from the time they are young.
    (view changes)

Tuesday, February 14

  1. page Brazilian Rainbow Boa edited {http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Brazilianrainbowboa.jpg} By Jamidwyer at en.w…

    {http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Brazilianrainbowboa.jpg} By Jamidwyer at en.wikipedia [Public domain], from Wikimedia Commons
    Scientific name
    Epicrates cenchria
    E. c. cenchria (Brazilian rainbow boa); E. c. alvarezi (Argentine rainbow boa); E. c. assisi (Caatinga rainbow boa); E. c. barbouri (Marajo Island rainbow boa); E. c. crassus (Paraguayan rainbow boa); E. c. gaigei (Peruvian rainbow boa); E. c. hygrophilus (Espirito Santo rainbow boa); E. c. maurus (Colombian rainbow boa); E. c. polylepis (Central highland rainbow boa)

    Order: Squamata
    Husbandry Information
    Housing Requirements
    Housing requires full spectrum bulbs. Humidity 60-70%, can be achieved through a misting system or humidity box.
    Daytime temps 73-90 degrees, night time temps 70-75 degrees.
    These snakes are semi-arboreal, but will need a hide box.

    Diet Requirements
    In the wild, Brazilian rainbow boas eat small mammals, including bats, and birds.
    In captivity, they are fed rodents.
    Brandywine Zoo Diet: 4 Adult mice every other week.
    Veterinary Concerns
    Notes on Enrichment & Training
    These snakes are semi-arboreal and enjoy being able to explore climbing apparatuses, which also makes a great demo for programs.
    Programmatic Information
    Tips on Presentation
    Presented in hand or on a climbing apparatus.
    Tips on Handling
    Potential Messaging
    These snakes are known for their iridescent sheen caused by structural coloration of their scales (great for biomimicry programs!). The iridescent sheen is due to microscopic ridges on their scales, which act like prisms to refract light into rainbows.
    Habitat degradation is a concern, as these snakes are from the Amazon.
    Ovoviviparous

    Acquisition Information
    Natural History Information
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    This species is not listed as endangered.
    Did you know…
    The Brazilian rainbow boa is one of about 12 named subspecies of rainbow boa. There is, however, much debate about the number of subspecies.
    Photographs
    Contributors and Citations
    The Philadelphia Zoo
    Brandywine Zoo
    (view changes)

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